Aviation is the design, development, production, operation, and use of aircraft, especially heavier-than-air aircraft. Aviation is derived from avis, the Latin word for bird.
1936 saw the beginning civil aviation with the introduction of one of the most successful designs of the period, the Douglas DC-3, which became the first airliner that was profitable carrying passengers exclusively, starting the modern era of passenger airline service. The second world war brought many innovations to aviation, including the first jet aircraft. So immediately after the war, there was a boom in civil aviation as thousands of pilots were released from military service and many inexpensive war-surplus transport and training aircraft became available. By 1950, the development of civil jets grew, beginning with the de Havilland Comet. The first widely-used civil jet aircraft was the Boeing 707, because it was much more economical than other planes at the time. At the same time, turboprop propulsion began to appear for smaller commuter planes which made it possible to serve small-volume routes.
Updated On: 15.02.12