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BAE Hawk

The BAE Hawk aircraft is build by BAE Systems.

The BAE Hawk is a British single-engine, AJT. The Hawk is a tandem two-seat aircraft and has a low-mounted cantilever monoplane wing and is powered by a non-augmented turbofan engine. The first Hawk flew in 21 August 1974. The Hawk T1 (Trainer Mark 1) was the original version of the Hawk used by the RAF, deliveries commencing in November 1976.

The low-positioned one-piece wing was designed to allow a wide landing gear track and to enable easier maintenance access. The wing is fitted with wide-span, double-slotted, trailing-edge flaps for low-speed performance and spoilers instead of ailerons for roll control. Integral to the wing is 836 litre (184 imp gal) fuel tank and room for the retractable main landing gear legs. Designed to take a +8g/-4g load.

The fuselage design was led by the need to get a height differential between the two tandem cockpits; this enabled increased visibility for the instructor in the rear seat. Each cockpit is fitted with a Martin-Baker Mk 10B zero-zero rocket-assisted ejection seat. The centre fuselage has an 823-litre (181 imp gal) flexible fuel tank. The two-shaft turbofan Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Adour engine is fitted in the rear-fuselage with inlets on each side above the forward wing roots. A ram air turbine is fitted just in front of the single fin as well as a gas turbine auxiliary power unit above the engine. The forward retracting landing gear leg is fitted in the nose.

BAE Hawk Variants

BAE Hawk Mark 50 Series - The Hawk 50 was the original export trainer version, and offered a limited attack capability.

  • Hawk Mark 51, Mark 51A - Export version for the Finnish Air Force.
  • Hawk Mark 52 - Export version for the Kenyan Air Force.
  • Hawk Mark 53 - Export version for the Indonesian Air Force.

BAE Hawk Mark 60 Series - Another export version, replacing the Hawk 50, intended for conversion and weapons training. Weapons carriage is increased. It has uprated Rolls-Royce Adour 861 engines, and is capable of a level speed at altitude of 555 knots (1028 km/h) or Mach 0.84. The T-45 Goshawk was derived from this version.

  • Hawk Mark 60, Mark 60A - Export version for the Air Force of Zimbabwe.
  • Hawk Mark 61 - Export version for Dubai, United Arab Emirates Air Force
  • Hawk Mark 63, Mark 63A, Mark 63C - Export version for Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Air Force.
  • Hawk Mark 64 - Export version for the Kuwait Air Force.
  • Hawk Mark 65, Mark 65A - Export version for the Royal Saudi Air Force.
  • Hawk Mark 66 - Export version for the Swiss Air Force.
  • Hawk Mark 67 - Export version for the Republic of Korea Air Force.

BAR Hawk Mark 100 Series - A two-seat advanced weapons trainer with additional avionics, including forward looking infrared (optional, fitted to Malaysian aircraft), a redesigned wing and HOTAS.

  • Hawk Mark 102 - Export version for Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Air Force.
  • Hawk Mark 103 - Export version for the Royal Air Force of Oman.
  • Hawk Mark 108 - Export version for the Royal Malaysian Air Force.
  • Hawk Mark 109 - Export version for the Indonesian Air Force.
  • Hawk Mark 115 - Export version for the Canadian Forces, designated "CT-155 Hawk" in Canadian service.

BAE Hawk Mark 120 Series - These are the next generation Hawks feature a new wing, forward and centre fuselage, fin and tailplane. The aircraft have only 10% commonality with the existing first generation aircraft. The new variants also have four times the fatigue life of the original aircraft.

  • Hawk Mark 120/LIFT - The Hawk Lead-in Fighter Trainer (LIFT) is the version selected by the South African Air Force in December 1999. This variant is powered by the Adour 951.
  • Hawk Mark 127 - The Royal Australian Air Force ordered 33 Hawk Mark 127 Lead-in Fighters (LIFs). This variant is also powered by the Adour 871.
  • Hawk Mark 128 (Hawk T2) - A Hawk T2 of the Royal Air Force. The Hawk Mark 128 is the new Advanced Jet Trainer (AJT) for the RAF and Royal Navy. The Mark 128 includes modern LCD displays instead of conventional instrumentation, and allows preparation for flying modern fighter aircraft, particularly the all "glass" Typhoon. It uses the Rolls-Royce Adour 951 engine.
  • Hawk Mark 129 - Export version for Bahrain.

BAE Hawk Mark 132 - The Hawk Mark 132 is the  export variant of the Hawk and was previously known as the Mark 115Y. The Mark 132 formally entered service with the Indian Air Force (IAF) in 2008. These aircraft will be powered by Rolls-Royce Mk 871 turbo fan engine.

BAE Hawk Mark 200 Series - The Hawk Mark 200 is a single-seat, lightweight multirole combat fighter with emphasis on air defence, air superiority, anti-shipping, air-denial, long-range interdiction, short-range close air support and ground attack.

  • Hawk Mark 203 - Export version for the Royal Air Force of Oman.
  • Hawk Mark 205 - Proposed export version for the Royal Saudi Air Force.
  • Hawk Mark 208 - Export version for the Royal Malaysian Air Force.
  • Hawk Mark 209 - Export version for the Indonesian Air Force.

BAE Hawk has a seating capacity of 2.

BAE Hawk has an overall length of 12.43 meters (40.6_ft). It has a wing span of 9.94 meters (32.5_ft). The overall height of 3.98 meters (13.0_ft). The wing area of BAE Hawk is of about 16.7 sq.meters (179.8_sq.ft.). The overall weight of an empty aircraft is about 4480 kilograms (9,856.0_lbs). And it has a maximum take-off weight of about 9100 kilograms (20,020.0_lbs). BAE Hawk can reach a maximum speed of about 1028 km/hr (555.1_knots, 638.9_mph). And the BAE Hawk has a maximum crusing range of about 2520 kilometers (1,565.9_miles, 1,360.7_nautical miles). Aircraft can reach a service height of about 13565 meters (44,357.6_ft).

The turbofan engine powered BAE Hawk uses 1, Rolls-Royce Adour Mk. 951. It can deliver a total thrust of approximately 29 kilo newtons (6,469.2_lbf).

Updated On: 18.10.15